Milat HaShavua (Word of the Week)

June 30
סוֹף / (sof): End
סוֹף שׁבוּע / (sof sha-vu-a): Weekend
סוֹף פּסוּק / (sof pa-suk ): the trope (Torah reading) note at the end of a verse
סוֹף העוֹנה / (sof ha-o-na): the end of the season

June 23
קייטנה / (kai-ta-nah): Summer Camp
מחנה קיץ / (ma-ha-neh ka-yitz): Summer Camp

June 16
קיץ / (ka-yitz): Summer
סתו / (stav): Autumn (Fall)
חוֹרף / (cho-ref): Winter
אביב / (a-viv): Spring

June 9
רפא / (re-fah): heal (command form of the verb)
רוֹפא / (ro-fei): doctor
רפוּאה שׁלמה / (bi-hee-rah): a complete recovery

June 2
מקהלה / (mak-hey-lah): choir
קהילה / (ke-hil-lah): community, congregation

May 26
בּכּוּרים / (bik-ku-rim): first fruits
בּכוֹר / (be-khor): firstborn

May 19
יוֹבל / (yo-vel): jubilee
שׁנת היוֹבל / (shnat ha-yo-vel): the jubilee year (50th year)

May 12
בּחירוֹת / (bi-hee-rot): elections
בּחירה / (bi-hee-rah): choice

May 5
קדשׁ / (ka-dosh): holy, sacred (singular)
קדוֹשׁים / (ke-do-shim): holy, sacred (plural)
קדוּשׁה / (ke-du-shah): holiness

April 28
חפשׁי / (hof-shi): free
עם חפשׁי / (am hof-shi): a free people

April 21
עצמאוּת / (atz-ma-ut): Independence
יוֹם העצמאוּת / (Yom Ha-atz-ma-ut): Independence Day

April 14
עמר / (o-mer)
ספירת העמר / (se-fi-rat ha-o-mer)

April 7
טל / (tal): dew

March 31
צו / (tzav): command (imperative form)
מצוה / (mitz-vah): commandment
מצווֹת / (mitz-vot): commandments

March 24
חוֹדשׁ / (ho-desh): Month
החוֹדשׁ / (ha ho-desh): the Month
שׁבּת החוֹדשׁ / (shab-bat ha ho-desh): Shabbat of this Month

March 17
שׁיר שׁל יוֹם / (shir shel yom): Song (Psalm) of the Day

March 10
תלבּוֹשׁת / (teel-bo-shet): costume
לוֹבשׁ / (lo-vaysh): wear (male)
לוֹבשׁת / (lo-ve-shet): wear (female)

March 3
זכוֹר / (za-khor): remember
זכּרוֹן / (zi-ka-ron): memory
שׁבּת זכוֹר / (Shab-bat za-khor): Shabbat of Remembrance (the Shabbat before Purim)

February 25
נשׂיא / (na-see): president

February 18
הכנסת התוֹרה / (hach-na-sat ha-to-rah): putting in (back) the Torah
להכניס / (l-hach-niss): to insert, to put in
כּניסה / (kin-nee-sah): entrance

February 11
הוֹצאת התוֹרה / (ho-tza-at ha-to-rah): taking out the Torah
להוֹציא / (l-ho-tzee): to take out
יציאה / (yih-tzee-ah): exit

February 4
שׁקדיה / (sh-ke-dia): almond tree
שׁקד / (sha-ked): almond
שׁקדים / (sh-ke-dim): almonds (plural)

January 28
חבר / (ha-ver): friend (male)
חברה / (ha-vey-rah): friend (female)
חברים / (ha-vey-rim): friends (male, plural)
חברוֹת / (ha-vey-rot): friends (female, plural)
חברה / (hev-reh): society
     The term hevreh, when accented on the first syllable, is a popular term for a crowd or circle of friends.

January 21
מסוֹרת / (ma-so-ret): tradition
מסוֹרתי / (ma-sore-ti): traditional

January 14
מכתב / (mich-tav): letter (a written correspondence )
מכתבים / (mich-ta-vim): letters

January 7
יישׁר כּוֹח / (yi-shar ko-ach): known to most as “yasher koach
     The phrase used when congratulating someone for a task well-done or after receiving an honor in shul.

The person receiving the congratulations responds:
     בּרוּך תהיה / (ba-rukh ti-hiyeh): when responding to a male
     בּרוּכה תהיי / (be-ru-khah ti-hi-yi): when responding to a female
     בּרוּכים תהי / (be-ru-khim ti-hi-yu): when responding to a group

December 31
מעלוֹת / (ma-a-lot): ascents, degrees
שׁיר המעלוֹת / (shir ha-ma-a-lot): song of ascent
     The opening words of some psalms. One of these psalms begins birkat ha-mazon (grace after meals)
     on Shabbat and holidays.
עליה / (a-li-ya): going up
     Going up to the Torah or moving to Israel

December 24
חנוּכּייה / (hanuk-ki-yah): candelabra for Hanukkah
     A menorah was the seven-branch candelabra used in the Temple and today refers to any candelabra.
     A חנוּכּייה refers specifically to the eight-branch candelabra used on Hanukkah.

December 17
מילה / (mee-la): word
מילת / (mee-lat): conjunctive form for “word”
מילוֹן / (mee-lon): dictionary

שׁבוּע טוֹב / (sha-vu-a tov): Good Week
     a greeting at the end of Havdala
שׁבוּעוֹת / (sha-vu-ot): weeks (plural of week)

Presented through a Ma’alot Grant made possible by United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism.